Fertility Preservation

For a list of common reasons women choose to freeze their eggs, click here.

When it comes to men and fertility, a common myth is that men are able to reproduce well into their lifetime without many issues (unlike their female counterparts). It may be surprising to learn that, in fact, male fertility also declines. A significant decline in sperm number occurs after the age of 34 and the time it takes to achieve pregnancy is significantly longer after the age of 45.  This decline in fertility is not as time sensitive as it is in women; however, the association clearly exists33,34.

Following are a few reasons why men choose to freeze their sperm.

Cancer diagnosis and treatment
For men, the most important reason to preserve their semen is because of medical issues, particularly cancer.

Cancers of the endocrine glands or endocrine-related organs may impair the hormones that stimulate puberty and fertility.

Surgery that requires removal of the affected area, including the prostate (which makes semen), bladder, one or both testicles or the pelvic lymph nodes, may compromise fertility. Damage to the pelvic nerves and vasculature (blood vessels) during surgery may also effect fertility as well.

Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation may damage sperm, inhibit the ability to make new sperm or stop the production of semen35.

Men who are about to undergo a vasectomy may wish to store sperm as an added insurance to prevent future fertility treatments either to reverse the vasectomy or extract sperm if pregnancy is desired in the future.

Further reason
Additional medical conditions or treatment thereof, and environmental issues in the workplace may lead to a deterioration of sperm quality over time – numbers, movement or structure may cause erectile dysfunction and/or ejaculatory distrubance36.

By preserving your fertility before degradation of sperm is noted, you will have the best opportunity to have the family that you and your partner desire.