Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for Men Undergoing Sperm Preservation

This page is meant to be educational only, and is not meant to give any advice. For personalized advice, please make an appointment with our Fertility Preservation Coordinator (FPC). For a list FAQs for women undergoing egg preservation, click here.

  • What is sperm preservation?
    • Sperm preservation is an option for men who are concerned about decreased fertility. It uses advanced technology that allows you to freeze and store your sperm in subzero temperatures. Later, when you are ready for children, the sperm can be thawed and used to fertilize an egg that will be transferred to the uterus for development and subsequent pregnancy.

  • Who should consider sperm freezing?
    • Sperm preservation is a technology that has helped many different men for a number of reasons and is particularly beneficial for the following reasons:
      • Like their female counterparts, male fertility also declines. However, according to a study conducted in Fertility and Sterility the rate at which male fertility declines is not as time sensitive as that in women33
      • Cancer treatment or other medical treatments that may affect fertility
      • A voluntary decision to undergo a vasectomy, with the option to have kids later on
      • Medical conditions or treatment thereof, and environmental issues in the workplace may lead to a deterioration of sperm quality over time — numbers, movement or structure — or may cause erectile dysfunction or ejaculatory disturbance
  • How do I know if I am a candidate?
    • Regardless of the reason you would like to preserve your sperm, it is worthwhile to find out more about our program and explore your options by scheduling a free consultation with our FPC. The next step would be to consult with our FPC to evaluate your medical history, perform a semen analysis and ultimately determine eligibility in our sperm preservation program.

  • How does the process work?
    • Semen must be collected through masturbation after abstinence of 3-5 days.  Once you are ready to preserve your sperm, the procedure itself is quite simple.  An appointment will be arranged to preserve the sperm. Once collected, the sperm will be evaluated, preserved and stored in subzero temperatures until you are ready to proceed with pregnancy.* At that point, the sperm is thawed and used to fertilize an egg, which is then transferred to the uterus as an embryo (once the egg is fertilized by the sperm the product is referred to as an embryo).

      * Should you have a partner and wish to freeze embryos you may do so. Please alert the FPC during your consultation.

  • Can I freeze my sperm and send it by mail or do I have to come to the clinic?
    • If your residence is within 30 minutes of the office, sperm collection can be performed in the privacy of your home. However, most of our male patients choose to come to our office, where a private semen collection room is at your disposal.

  • Is sperm preservation safe for the baby?
    • Yes, sperm preservation is safe for the baby.  There appears to be no increased risk of birth defects with cryopreserved sperm.

  • Is sperm preservation safe for the patient?
    • Yes, sperm preservation is safe for the patient. As mentioned, the process includes the non-invasive process of sperm collection and analysis.

  • Where will the sperm be stored?
    • Immediately after they are frozen, your sperm will be placed into one of our liquid nitrogen storage containers for safe-keeping.  At the Advanced Fertility Preservation Institute, we provide long-term storage for our patients to give them peace of mind during this process. Our state-of-the-art facility is licensed for cryopreservation by the State of Illinois and has all of the proper technology in place to assure the safe cryopreservation of your sperm.

  • How long can sperm remain frozen and still be effective?
    • Once sperm has been frozen, no time limit has been established.

  • How long can you store my frozen sperm?
    • Frozen sperm can be stored indefinitely and remain viable.  However, every instance is unique and the amount of viable sperm may vary from person to person.

  • What is the success rate of sperm preservation to fertilization to pregnancy?
    • Research demonstrates sperm preservation yields high rates of pregnancy4-10. In fact, specifically for cancer patients, preserved sperm resulted in live births for 49% of patients5.

  • How many sperm samples should I store?
    • We recommend storing at least three samples separated by 48 hours of abstinence. If you are freezing due to an upcoming medical treatment we would need to have the sample taken prior to chemotherapy treatment or surgery.  If you have time for one specimen, you are encouraged to bank your sperm because each specimen is divided into vials and may be used for multiple fertility procedures. The FPC will collaborate with the patient and additional medical teams to discuss timing and available options.

  • Will preserving my sperm diminish my ability to produce sperm naturally?
    • Post ejaculation, sperm counts return to normal within 48 hours. Therefore, sperm preservation will have no long term effect on sperm production.

  • Are there any other tests required besides the sperm analysis once collected?
    • If problems are noted with the semen analysis, (i.e. volume, count, sperm movement, or the structure of the sperm), further testing and perhaps evaluation with a male reproductive specialist (andrologist) may be required.

  • What are my options for unused sperm?
    • Unused sperm can be discarded or used for research. These options can be discussed with the FPC.

  • What do I do when I am ready to have children?
    • When you are ready to have children, please contact Dr. Miller’s office and our team will discuss next steps with you.

  • What are the overall cost estimates of sperm preservation?
    • Sperm Cryopreservation
      Sperm/Semen storage 1 year
      Specimen handling fee

      All costs are estimated and not guaranteed; type and number of tests/procedures may vary due to individual outcomes. Fees quoted are for the sperm preservation cycle only and not for any preceding diagnostic tests.

  • Is the procedure covered by my insurance?
    • Although sperm preservation may be a good option for you, it is important to understand the costs associated with collection and storage. Across the board, insurance carriers do not typically cover sperm cryopreservation. Please check with your insurance provider for specific policy coverage.


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Naperville, IL 60540


1900 E. Golf Rd., Suite L125
Schaumburg, IL 60173

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